Circulating integrin α4β7+ CD4 T cells are enriched for proliferative transcriptional programs in HIV infection.

Published in FEBS Letters, 2021

Recommended citation: Lakshmanappa YS, Roh JW, Rane NN, Dinasarapu AR , Tran DD, Velu VV, Sheth AN, Ofotokun I, Amara RR, Kelley CF, Waetjen EW, Iyer SS (2021) Circulating integrin α4β7+ CD4 T cells are enriched for proliferative transcriptional programs in HIV infection" FEBS Letters (accepted) https://febs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/1873-3468.14163

HIV preferentially infects α4β7+ CD4 T cells forming latent reservoirs that contribute to HIV persistence during antiretroviral therapy. However, the properties of α4β7+ CD4 T cells in blood and mucosal compartments remain understudied. Employing two distinct models of HIV infection, HIV-infected humans and SHIV-infected rhesus macaques, we show that α4β7+ CD4 T cells in blood are enriched for genes regulating cell cycle progression and cellular metabolism. Unlike their circulating counterparts, rectal α4β7+ CD4 T cells exhibited a core tissue-residency gene-expression program. These features were conserved across primate species indicating that environment influences memory T cell transcriptional networks. Our findings provide an important molecular foundation for understanding the role of α4β7 in HIV.